PRODUCT NAME

PAL TEMPM*

Description Resin Modified Lignite
Function High Temperature Fluid loss control & Rheology Modifier for all water based fluids.

PAL FLCM*

Description Preserved modified starch, Pregelatinized Starch
Function Non fermenting starch for Fluid loss control & rheology stabilizer in fresh water & saturated salt water mud.

PAL FLC HTM*

Description Preserved modified starch, Pregelatinized Starch
Function High temperature stable, Non fermenting starch for Fluid loss control & rheology stabilizer in fresh water & saturated salt water mud.

PAL CHECKM*

Description Modified Natural Polymer, Carboxy methyl starch
Function Fluid loss controller in most water base drilling & drill-in fluids at high temperature environment, does not significantly increase viscosity. Can be used to encapsulate drill cuttings & exposed wellbore formations to reduce particle dispersion & reactive clay/shale formation swelling. It does not require a biocide to prevent fermentation.

PAL TROL HTM*

Description Non ionic, cross-linked Starch for HTHP applications
Function A special starch derivative to reduce HTHP filtrate loss for all water based muds including drilling, completion & work over. It is non ionic in nature suitable for muds containing salts or ion sensitive additives. Acts synergically with Xanthan gum polymer to increase LSRV. It can be used in most brines including seawater, NaCl, KCl, CaCl2, NaBr and formate salt systems.

PAL FCM*

Description Polysaccharide derivative to control filtration in Mixed Metal Oxide system
Function PAL-FC fluid-loss-control agent is a polysaccharide derivative used to control filtration in Mixed-Metal Oxide system. It will not destroy the low-end rheology of the Mixed Metal Oxide system. It is effective in seawater fluids, but all hardness should be treated out before the product is added. It is resistant to bacterial degradation. It can be used in any other type of fluid where starch & cellulose additives are permitted.

PAL CMC LM*

Description Sodium Carboxy methyl cellulose Low viscosity
Function Technical grade Low viscosity, Fluid loss additive used in fresh water & sea water muds. It is used in high viscosity, high solids or heavily weighted fluids & produces only slight increase in viscosity.

PAL CMC HM*

Description Sodium Carboxy methyl cellulose High viscosity
Function Technical grade High viscosity, Fluid loss additive used in fresh water & sea water muds. It is used in Low viscosity or low solids fluids & increase viscosity in addition to controlling fluid loss.

PAL PAC LVM*

Description Polyanionic cellulose-Low viscosity
Function Low viscosity grade fluid loss control polymer with minimal viscosity increase. It will perform well in all brine applications, especially saltwater‐base fluids. It can be used at all densities in either dispersed or non‐dispersed systems. It will encapsulate solids to control dispersion of active shale.

PAL PAC SLVM*

Description Polyanionic cellulose - Super Low viscosity
Function Super low‐viscosity PAC is used primarily as a fluid‐loss reducer. It is a high performance product, readily dispersible in water‐base drilling fluids ranging from fresh to saturated salt water. PAL PAC-SLV polymer is primarily used in weighted systems to avoid an uncontrollable viscosity build‐up.

PAL PAC RM*

Description Polyanionic cellulose Regular Viscosity grade
Function Regular grade viscosity PAC useful in controlling fluid loss & increasing rheology in all types of water. It will aid in dispersion control by attaching & encapsulating the dispersion solid. It may be used in all density ranges and functions effectively in dispersed & non dispersed system.

PAL PAC LV PREMIUMM*

Description High-quality, Medium Purity Polyanionic cellulose, Low viscosity
Function High quality, Medium Purity, low‐viscosity grade fluid‐loss‐control polymer. It is designed for situations where filtration control is needed with only minimal increases in rheology. It performs well in all brine applications, especially saltwater‐base fluids. Can be used at all densities in either dispersed or non‐dispersed systems. Functions at all pH range. Temperature stability is up to 300° F.

PAL PAC R PREMIUMM*

Description High-quality Medium Purity polyanionic cellulose, Regular viscosity
Function High Quality, Medium Purity filtration control agent used in most water-based drilling fluids, can provide secondary viscosity and is effective even at low concentrations. It is suitable for use in fresh water, salt water and brine-based fluids & stable to 300°F (149°C).Effective in moderate to high pH systems

PAL SFC-HTHSS*

Description Synthetic Polymer High temperature/High salinity Fluid loss controller
Function PAL SFC-HTHS a synthetic polymer specifically designed for high-temperature and /or high-salinity environments. Works well at any salinity. Reduces differential sticking tendencies. Temperature stable up to 475°F (246°C). Calcium tolerance in excess of 100,000 ppm.

PAL TROL DIM*

DESCRIPTION Modified Starch for divalent drilling fluid system applications
 FUNCTION  High-molecular weight, branched-chain starch derivative, used to provide elevated low-shear-rate viscosity (LSRV) and fluid loss in the divalent drilling fluid system such as Calcium Chloride, Magnesium Chloride, Calcium Bromide and Zinc Bromide brines

PAL PAC LV PLUSM*

DESCRIPTION Specially processes blend of Polysaccharide derivative
FUNCTION PAL PAC LV PLUS is a specially processed blend of polysaccharide derivatives to control filtrate loss, which gives higher temperature stability than regular PAL PAC LV grade. It is designed for situations where filtration control needed with only minimal increases in rheology. PAL PAC LV PLUS polymer will perform well in all brine applications, especially salt water-base fluids.

*M - Product manufactured by Oren group of companies
*S - Supporting Products
PDS - Available on Request